Diabetes is a host of several health problems but you might be surprised to know that it also brings on many dental issues. The implications of high blood sugar can extend to every part of the body. A huge number of America, more than 20 million which is roughly 7% of the U.S. population, suffers from diabetes. It is important to be aware of your teeth and gums when it comes to diabetes. This condition requires a healthy lifestyle, exercising regularly, the right medications and properly caring for your teeth and gums.
One of the most severe form of gum disease is periodontitis that is the result of diabetes which could change from mild to severe. In this stage, you get swollen, red and bleeding gums that begin to pull away from your teeth. Between your teeth and gums, pockets start forming which fill with pus and germs. Also, there would be a long lasting infection that could even destroy the bone around your teeth. Moreover, changes in the fitting of the dentures, permanent teeth getting loose or moving away from one another will be other issues. People with periodontitis also suffer from bad breath.
Problems with your gums require deep cleaning at the dentist, treatments for gum infection and prescribed medications. In extreme cases, your gums would need surgery to save your teeth.
Gingivitis is when you have inflamed or unhealthy gums which is caused by a bacterial infection. Typically, a person with gingivitis will see their gums become red, swollen and start to bleed. If left unchecked, it can cause the gums to separate from the teeth. This situation calls for regular cleanings at the dentist along with daily brushing and flossing.
Commonly known as dry mouth, diabetic patients with xerostomia suffer from having a constant feeling of thirst. Diabetes causes a lack of saliva in your mouth that raises the risks of gums diseases and tooth decay. A dry feeling in your mouth, cracked lips, rough tongue, soreness and pain in the mouth are common symptoms of xerostomia. Saliva helps wash away the tartar and plaque from your teeth. Since diabetics have less saliva, they are more prone to tartar and plaque buildup.
Your dentist will prescribe medications and fluoride rinse to keep your mouth moisturized. Spicy food, tobacco, caffeine and alcohol worsens this condition. So, you should better avoid all these to prevent tooth decay.
These are the three most common tooth and gum diseases that are associated with diabetes. Proper and consistent oral hygiene care along with treatment of gum infections and other problems will help you in preventing them. Follow a healthy regime and dental care to have healthier teeth. We offer specialized treatments for gum related diseases and issues caused by diabetes. Contact us today to learn more about maintaining good dental health while managing your diabetes.