There are various stages of gum disease, Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Advanced Periodontitis. Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease that causes your gums to become red, swollen and bleed easily. Sometimes with Gingivitis you can experience little to no discomfort at all. It is primarily caused by inadequate oral hygiene yet it is reversible if the proper gum infection treatment is applied by a qualified professional, followed by practicing good oral care at home. Several other factors that can contribute to Gingivitis include diabetes, smoking, aging, hereditary issues, not receiving the proper nutrition in your diet, puberty, drug and alcohol abuse and use of certain medications.
Periodontitis is the next, more severe and chronic stage of gum disease. It is a bacterial gum infection that involves the tissues surrounding the teeth. This can result in the loss of the tooth or multiple teeth. It may even increase the risk of stroke and heart attack.
Regular professional cleanings, good oral hygiene and healthy eating habits will help patients to prevent gum disease. Following a healthy diet that is not high in carbohydrates, sugar and starches is important. These elements contribute to the production of plaque, which break down tooth enamel causing cavities. Some foods are very beneficial in protecting teeth and maintaining good oral hygiene.
Regular servings of milk, along with other dairy products that are full of the protein caseins, can help prevent gum disease. Caseins help prevent gum disease by neutralizing acid levels in the mouth by creating a protective film that coats the teeth. Milk also contains calcium and phosphorus, which are essential to building strong, healthy tooth enamel.
Strawberries are packed with vitamin C, which plays an important role in the overall health of gum tissue by maintaining and repairing tissue. Vitamin C helps to prevent the collagen in teeth from breaking down while preventing the growth of cavity causing bacteria. Vitamin C is also essential to maintaining a healthy immune system that will help avoid infections in your gums.
Apples are high in fiber, which acts as saliva stimulate during the chewing process that in turn cleanses the surface of teeth and gums by removing plaque. Apples are also full of nutrition, which helps maintain a healthy diet that boosts the immune system. Having a healthy immune system is essential to fighting off infections.
Green tea is great for fighting inflammation due it containing catechins that also control bacterial infections. Green tea has antibacterial properties that discourage plaque buildup while weakening existing plaque and bacteria. Studies have shown that those who regularly drink green tea have less occurrences of gum disease compared to those who don’t.
Beef and lamb have high levels of zinc. Zinc can boost the immune system along with being an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. It also inhibits the formation of tartar along the gum line. Lean meats also contain Vitamin B6, which is beneficial in fighting off gum disease by promoting cell growth for healthy blood.
Cod, salmon, tuna, trout, sardines and herring all contain Omega-3, which reduces the risk for gum disease. They are also a rich source of protein, which promotes a healthy immune system that is beneficial in fighting off bacterial infections. Omega-3 fatty acids are also found to have anti-inflammatory properties, which could explain how they are able to fight gum disease.
It is important to consume a healthy diet in order to maintain good oral hygiene. Additionally, in order to prevent gum disease Houston residents should regularly follow up with their dentists.