Understanding Gum Disease and How to Prevent It

Gum Disease and Prevention

What is Gum Disease

Gum Disease starts when bacteria causes inflammation of the gums, which is also known as gingivitis. With gingivitis, the gums become inflamed, red, and possibly bleed more easily. Gingivitis is just a mild form of a gum disease that can be treated with daily regular cleanings.

gum disease

Signs of Gum Disease

Signs that you may be the next victim of more serious form of gum disease (Periodontitis) include but are not limited to, swollen and tender gums, loose teeth, a consistency of bad breath, gums that bleed more easily, gums that move away from the tooth, teeth become overly sensitive to temperatures, there’s a change in the fit of partial dentures, visible pus starts surrounding the tooth and gums, or you start getting sharp pains when chewing your food.

Gum disease can sneak up on anyone at any time, so it’s very important you pay attention to the signs in your mouth. If something doesn’t look or feel right, then it’s always best to get it checked out immediately. Better safe than sorry!

Causes of Gum Disease

Some causes that are mostly found related to gum disease include plaque backing up on your teeth causing bacteria to grow. If the plaque is not removed within a timely manner it can turn hard and turn into calculus.

Scientists have conducted and researched more than enough studies from 1990 to 2006 to see if negative life events or psychological variables may have played a role to the increase of gum disease. After conducting, they found that 57% found a connection between stress, distress, depression, anxiety and loneliness to gums disease. Increased levels of a hormone produced during times of stress may contribute to lowering the body’s immunity, making it easier to attract gum disease.

Other variables that factor into the cause of gum disease is, smoking tobacco or chewing it, possibly having diabetes, some medications such as steroids or therapy drugs, crooked teeth, defective fillings, and pregnancy.

Gum Disease Treatment

To treat gum disease, you should seek professional help. Getting your teeth professionally cleaned by your dentist is the only way to remove built up of hardened plaque / calculus.

If the disease is more advanced than mild, root planning may have to be performed to treat the gum infection. When this occurs, the dentist will use an ultrasonic device to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.

Other treatments that may be used are laser treatments or surgery. It depends on how deep the periodontal pockets are that were formed.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

In order to hold off on gum disease for as long as possible, there are some steps you can take to make sure you have a beautiful white glistening smile. Proper brushing and flossing are the first steps. Big circular movements and make sure you’re brushing and flossing out those gums. Make sure you use an antibacterial toothpaste or mouth rinse to kill any bacteria that is left behind and lessen the amount of plaque. Removing plaque is the key to healthy gums and a great smile. Professional dental cleanings every 3 to 6 month are needed to remove any hard deposits.

Dentist in Houston

Gum disease treatment can be costly in terms of dental fees, your future dental health and time. Dr. Valter and the team at Bellaire Dental Group in Houston promote and maintain exceptional dental health for many patients and can ensure the same for you and your family. Their ultimate goal is to make sure every patient leaves the clinic with a smile. If you have any questions relating to dental care, give us a call!